CLAT 2024 Current Affairs/GK Passage Based MCQS 13

Directions: read the following passage and answer the questions that follow

India's remarkable economic growth has positioned it as one of the fastest-developing economies in the world. In this context, the electronics manufacturing sector holds significant importance, as global companies increasingly view India as a promising destination to meet the growing domestic demand for electronic goods.

Recognizing the sector's potential for growth and its ability to generate widespread employment, the Indian government has enthusiastically embraced the 'Make in India' program as a core policy initiative to support and accelerate the country's manufacturing sector, including electronics.

The Current Scenario of Electronics Production in India:

India's electronics manufacturing industry has witnessed substantial growth, with its value increasing from USD 37.1 billion in 2015-16 to USD 67.3 billion in 2020-21. The country aims to further boost this to USD 300 billion by 2026 through domestic production. To achieve this target, the identification of specific product segments with high growth potential and the implementation of incentives and policy measures are crucial.

Challenges in Making India an Electronics Hub:

Several challenges hinder India's progress in becoming an electronics manufacturing hub. High import duties and strict localization norms, while promoting local manufacturing, can also impact global competitiveness. Building a robust ecosystem of companies locally manufacturing electronic components is another challenge, leading to increased costs and lead time for manufacturers due to reliance on imports. The shortage of skilled labor, complex regulatory environment, and inadequate implementation of sustainable practices further hamper progress.

Steps to Improve India's Electronics Sector:

To unleash India's potential and establish a strong electronics manufacturing ecosystem, several steps can be taken:

  1. Increasing Scalability: India should focus on creating mega, globally competitive electronics clusters in strategic locations such as UP (Noida), Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. These clusters will provide the necessary economies of scale and attract investments.
  2. Limiting High Export Duties: India needs to reconsider its complex duty structure with high and constantly changing rates, which act as barriers for global Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). A revised taxation framework will enhance India's appeal as an assembly hub.
  3. Private-Government Collaboration: Collaborative efforts between the public and private sectors are essential for driving growth. Supportive policies, legal frameworks, and initiatives to build a skilled IT workforce and semiconductor design-linked incentives will contribute to a robust electronic manufacturing ecosystem.
  4. Cooperation amid Tensions: Despite political tensions, India must find a way to engage with China, as exemplified by the China-Taiwan model. Encouraging large-scale manufacturing investments and promoting business cooperation are vital for India's success in the electronics manufacturing sector.
  5. Increasing Flexibility: Offering incentives that provide flexibility to Indian manufacturers in utilizing their workforce, as seen in competing countries, will attract investments and boost competitiveness.

 

1. 
What is the objective of the 'Make in India' program initiated by the Indian government?

2. 
Which country is currently the largest supplier of electronics globally?

3. 
What is a major challenge in making India an electronics hub?

4. 
What is one step that can be taken to improve India's electronics sector?

5. 
Which regions in India are emerging as potential locations for mega electronics clusters?

6. 
What is a major barrier to making India an assembly hub for global OEMs?

7. 
What is a key factor for driving growth in India's electronic manufacturing ecosystem?

8. 
Which country's example can India emulate to encourage business cooperation despite political tensions?

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