The decision in A.K. Kraipak is considered a landmark authority for which of the following propositions:
The Court states in A.K. Kraipak that, ‘If the purpose of the rules of natural justice is to prevent miscarriage of justice one fails to see why those rules should be made inapplicable to administrative enquiries.’ Which of the following approaches to interpretation of statutes does the Court appear to adopt:
The Court states in A.K. Kraipak, that ‘… in the course of years many more subsidiary rules came to be added to the rules of natural justice.’ Which of the following is a later entrant to the principles of natural justice?
The Supreme Court has recognized in several decisions that in cases requiring urgent administrative action or in exigencies, it may not always be possible to give full effect to the principles of natural justice without rendering the administrative action redundant in the circumstances. Which of the following is true for the requirements of natural justice in such cases?
In testing whether the rule against bias has been violated, courts often invoke, which of following standards: