CLAT Current Affairs and GK Practice Questions 3

Directions: read the following passage and answer the questions that follow

The State Election Commission (SEC) is an autonomous body responsible for conducting elections for local bodies in a state. It ensures free and fair elections, updates electoral rolls, and implements the model code of conduct. However, some states experience political violence during elections, which undermines democracy and the rule of law.

Causes of election violence include competition for power and resources, ethnic or religious polarization, weak institutions and rule of law, and other forms of organized violence. Consequences of such violence include human rights violations, undermining electoral integrity, eroding trust and social cohesion, and impeding development and stability.

The SEC plays a crucial role in containing violence by ensuring fair elections. It has the power to supervise electoral roll preparation and conduct of elections, implement the model code of conduct, and cancel polls in case of irregularities or violence. The SEC is expected to act as an independent and impartial authority that safeguards democratic rights.

Challenges faced by the SEC include lack of autonomy, inadequate safeguards, and non-uniform service conditions. Measures to strengthen the SEC involve providing adequate resources and staff, enhancing independence and accountability, and improving electoral management and dispute resolution.

In summary, the SEC is a constitutional body responsible for conducting local elections. It faces challenges in maintaining independence, but measures such as ensuring resources, enhancing independence, and improving electoral processes can strengthen its role in conducting credible elections and preventing political violence.

1. 
Who appoints the state election commissioner?

2. 
What is the primary responsibility of a state election commission?

3. 
Which of the following is not a cause of local election violence?

4. 
How can political violence affect electoral integrity and accountability?

5. 
What is the role of the State Election Commission in containing violence during elections?

6. 
Which of the following is a challenge faced by the functioning of state election commissions?

7. 
According to the article, how can the independence of state election commissions be ensured?

8. 
What is one measure suggested in the article to strengthen state election commissions?

9. 
What does Article 243K(2) of the Indian constitution specify?

10. 
What is one area where state election commissions can focus on improving?

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