CLAT Current Affairs and GK Practice Questions 7

Directions: read the following passage and answer the questions that follow

The cultivation of millets, also known as nutri-cereal crops, plays a crucial role in addressing micronutrient deficiencies by providing essential nutrients such as calcium, fiber, protein, and iron. However, the declining cultivation area of these crops poses a significant threat to nutritional security in India, given the country's large population and prevalent micronutrient deficiencies.

The decline in cultivation areas can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, the impact of the Green Revolution has led to a shift in cropping patterns, favoring water-intensive crops like paddy, sugarcane, and wheat, while neglecting nutri-cereal crops. Additionally, challenges such as low productivity, poor infrastructure, limited market demand, and lack of marketing and innovation further contribute to the decline.

To address this issue, the Indian government has taken proactive measures. In 2018, coarse cereals were renamed as nutri-cereals to increase their recognition among consumers. The government has also announced attractive minimum support prices (MSP) for millets to incentivize farmers. However, changing dietary preferences, increased competition in the cereal market, and perception/taste preferences pose challenges to the increased cultivation of nutri-cereals.

Increasing the cultivation of nutri-cereals carries numerous benefits. They provide vital nutrition, exhibit climate resilience, promote environmental sustainability, and offer economic empowerment to small farmers and marginalized communities. Recognizing their significance, the United Nations designated 2023 as the "International Year of Millets."

To further promote the cultivation and consumption of nutri-cereals, collaboration with the food industry, school and community programs, engagement with healthcare professionals, and encouraging consumer participation through campaigns and social media can be effective strategies.

Overall, concerted efforts are needed to raise awareness, enhance marketability, and incorporate nutri-cereals into dietary recommendations and public distribution systems to ensure their availability and accessibility, ultimately promoting their consumption and improving nutritional security.

1. 
What is the primary reason for the decline in the cultivation area of nutri-cereal crops?

2. 
With reference to ‘Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets Promotion’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  • This initiative aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies, and to demonstrate value addition techniques, in anc integrated manner, with cluster approach.
  • Poor, small, marginal and tribal farmers have larger stake in this scheme.
  • An important objective of the scheme is to encourage farmers of commercial crops to shift to millet cultivation by offering them free kits of critical inputs of nutrients and micro irrigation Equipment.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

3. 
What are the benefits of increasing the cultivation of nutri-cereals?

4. 
What efforts has the Indian government made to promote the cultivation of nutri-cereals?

5. 
What is the significance of the International Year of Millets and National Year of Millets?

6. 
Why do nutri cereals face challenges in the market?

7. 
What is the primary advantage of nutri cereals in terms of climate resilience?

8. 
How can the cultivation of nutri cereals contribute to economic empowerment?

9. 
How can collaboration with healthcare professionals benefit the promotion of nutri cereals?

10. 
How can consumer engagement be encouraged for the consumption of nutri cereals?

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